Matthias Zschornak

Defect-induced local electronic structure modifications within the system SrO - SrTiO3 - TiO2

symmetry and disorder

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

Owing to their versatile orbital character with both local and highly dispersive degrees of freedom, transition metal oxides span the range of ionic, covalent and metallic bonding. They exhibit a vast diversity of electronic phenomena such as high dielectric, piezoelectric, pyroelectric, ferroelectric, magnetic, multiferroic, catalytic, redox, and superconductive properties. The nature of these properties arises from sensitive details in the electronic structure, e.g. orbital mixing and orbital hybridization, due to non-stoichiometry, atomic displacements, broken symmetries etc., and their coupling with external perturbations.

In the work presented here, these variations of the electronic structure of crystals due to structural and electronic defects have been investigated, exemplarily for the quasi-binary system SrO - SrTiO3 - TiO2. A number of binary and ternary structures have been studied, both experimentally as well as by means of electronic modeling. The applied methods comprise Resonant X-ray Scattering techniques like Diffraction Anomalous Fine Structure, Anisotropy of Anomalous Scattering and X-ray Absorption Fine Structure, and simultaneously extensive electronic calculations by means of Density Functional Theory and Finite Difference Method Near-Edge Structure to gain a thorough physical understanding of the underlying processes, interactions and dynamics.

It is analyzed in detail how compositional variations, e.g. manifesting as oxygen vacancies or ordered stacking faults, alter the short-range order and affect the electronic structure, and how the severe changes in mechanical, optical, electrical as well as electrochemical properties evolve. Various symmetry-property relations have been concluded and interpreted on the basis of these modifications in electronic structure for the orbital structure in rutile TiO2, for distorted TiO6 octahedra and related switching mechanisms of the Ti valence, for elasticity and resistivity in strontium titanate, and for surface relaxations in Ruddlesden-Popper phases.

Highlights of the thesis include in particular the methodical development regarding Resonant X-Ray Diffraction, such as the first use of partially forbidden reflections to get the complete phase information not only of the tensorial structure factor but of each individual atomic scattering tensor for a whole spectrum of energies, as well as the determination of orbital degrees of freedom and details of the partial local density of states from these tensors.
On the material side, the most prominent results are the identification of the migration-induced field-stabilized polar phase and the exergonic redox behavior in SrTiO3 caused by defect migration and defect separation.

weitere Metadaten

Oxide, Perowskite, Strukturelle Symmetrie, Defekte, Elektronische Struktur, DFT, Resonante Röntgenstreuung, REXS, RXD, DAFS, AAS, XAFS, Migration, Elektroformierung
oxides, perovskites, structural symmetry, defects, electronic structure, DFT, resonant X-ray scattering, REXS, RXD, DAFS, AAS, XAFS, migration, electroformation
SWD SchlagworteStrontiumtitanat, Elektronenstruktur, Gitterbaufehler, Röntgenstreuung, Dichtefunktionalformalismus
DDC Klassifikation530
HochschuleTU Bergakademie Freiberg
BetreuerProf. Dr. Dirk C. Meyer
GutachterProf. Dr. Dirk C. Meyer
Prof. Dr. Sibylle Gemming
Tag d. Einreichung (bei der Fakultät)31.12.2014
Tag d. Verteidigung / Kolloquiums / Prüfung08.05.2015
Veröffentlichungsdatum (online)05.08.2015
persistente URNurn:nbn:de:bsz:105-qucosa-169703

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