Mohamed Salih Dafalla Mohamed

Mapping and Assessment of Land Use/Land Cover Using Remote Sensing and GIS in North Kordofan State, Sudan

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

Sudan as a Sahelian country faced numerous drought periods resulting in famine and mass immigration. Spatial data on dynamics of land use and land cover is scarce and/or almost nonexistent. The study area in the North Kordofan State is located in the centre of Sudan and falls in the Sahelian eco-climatic zone. The region generally yields reasonable harvests of rainfed crops and the grasslands supports plenty of livestock. But any attempts to develop medium- to longterm strategies of sustainable land management have been hampered by the impacts of drought and desertification over a long period of time. This study aims to determine and analyse the dynamics of change of land use/land cover classes. The study attempts also to improve classification accuracy by using different data transformation methods like PCA, TCA and CA. In addition it tries to investigate the most reliable methods of pre-classification and/or post-classification change detection. The research also attempts to assess the desertification process using vegetation cover as an indicator. Preliminary mapping of major soil types is also an objective of this study. Landsat data of MSS 187/51 acquired on 01.01.1973 and ETM+ 174/51 acquired on 16.01.2001 were used. Visual interpretation in addition to digital image processing was applied to process the imagery for determining land use/land cover classes for the recent and reference image. Pre- and post-classification change detection methods were used to detect changes in land use/land cover classes in the study area. Pre-classification methods include image differencing, PC and Change Vector Analysis. Georeferenced soil samples were analysed to measure physical and chemical parameters. The measured values of these soil properties were integrated with the results of land use/ land cover classification. The major LULC classes present in the study area are forest, farm on sand, farm on clay, fallow on sand, fallow on clay, woodyland, mixed woodland, grassland, burnt/wetland and natural water bodies. Farming on sandy and clay soils constitute the major land use in the area, while mixed woodland constitutes the major land cover. Classification accuracy is improved by adopting data transformation by PCA, TCA and CA. Pre-classification change detection methods show indistinct and sketchy patterns of change but post-classification method shows obvious and detailed results. Vegetation cover changes were illustrated by use of NDVI. In addition preliminary soil mapping by using mineral indices was done based on ETM+ imagery. Distinct patterns of clay, gardud and sand areas could be classified. Remote sensing methods used in this study prove a high potential to classify land use/land cover as well as soil classes. Moreover the remote sensing methods used confirm efficiency for detecting changes in LULC classes and vegetation cover during the addressed period.

weitere Metadaten

North Kordofan State, Land use/land cover change, remote sensing
Nord Kordofan Staat, Fernerkundung
SWD SchlagworteKordofan <Nord>, Landnutzung, Fernerkundung, Geoinformationssystem, Bodennutzung
DDC Klassifikation550
RVK KlassifikationRS 37663
InstitutionTechnische Universität Dresden
InstitutionTechnische Universität Dresden
AbteilungInstitut für Photogrammetrie und Fernerkundung
BetreuerProf. Dr. habil. Elmar Csaplovics
GutachterProf. Dr. habil. Elmar Csaplovics
Dr. Ibrahim Saeed
Prof. Dr. Bernhard Müller
Tag d. Einreichung (bei der Fakultät)06.11.2006
Tag d. Verteidigung / Kolloquiums / Prüfung02.02.2007
Veröffentlichungsdatum (online)20.02.2007
persistente URNurn:nbn:de:swb:14-1171981536181-44423

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