Christoph Seidl

Integrated Management of Variability in Space and Time in Software Families

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

Software Product Lines (SPLs) and Software Ecosystems (SECOs) are approaches to capturing families of closely related software systems in terms of common and variable functionality (variability in space). SPLs and especially SECOs are subject to software evolution to adapt to new or changed requirements resulting in different versions of the software family and its variable assets (variability in time). Both dimensions may be interconnected (e.g., through version incompatibilities) and, thus, have to be handled simultaneously as not all customers upgrade their respective products immediately or completely. However, there currently is no integrated approach allowing variant derivation of features in different version combinations.

In this thesis, remedy is provided in the form of an integrated approach making contributions in three areas: (1) As variability model, Hyper-Feature Models (HFMs) and a version-aware constraint language are introduced to conceptually capture variability in time as features and feature versions. (2) As variability realization mechanism, delta modeling is extended for variability in time, and a language creation infrastructure is provided to devise suitable delta languages. (3) For the variant derivation procedure, an automatic version selection mechanism is presented as well as a procedure to derive large parts of the application order for delta modules from the structure of the HFM. The presented integrated approach enables derivation of concrete software systems from an SPL or a SECO where both features and feature versions may be configured.

weitere Metadaten

Software-Produktlinie (SPL), Software Ökosystem (SECO), Software Evolution, Feature Model, Delta Modeling
Software Product Line (SPL), Software Ecosystem (SECO), Software Evolution, Feature Model, Delta Modeling
DDC Klassifikation004
RVK KlassifikationST 230, ST 232, ST 237
HochschuleTechnische Universität Dresden
FakultätFakultät Informatik
ProfessurProfessur für Softwaretechnologie
BetreuerProf. Dr. rer. nat. habil. Uwe Aßmann
GutachterAssociate prof., PhD Andrzej Wąsowski
Tag d. Einreichung (bei der Fakultät)15.07.2015
Tag d. Verteidigung / Kolloquiums / Prüfung22.02.2016
Veröffentlichungsdatum (online)14.03.2017
persistente URNurn:nbn:de:bsz:14-qucosa-218036
InhaltsverzeichnisI. Context and Preliminaries

1. The Configurable TurtleBot Driver as Running Example
1.1. TurtleBot: A Domestic Service Robot
1.2. Configurable Driver Functionality
1.3. Software Realization Artifacts
1.4. Development History of the Driver Software

2. Families of Variable Software Systems
2.1. Variability
2.1.1. Variability in Space and Time
2.1.2. Internal and External Variability
2.2. Manifestations of Configuration Knowledge
2.2.1. Variability Models
2.2.2. Variability Realization Mechanisms
2.2.3. Variability in Realization Assets
2.3. Types of Software Families
2.3.1. Software Product Lines
2.3.2. Software Ecosystems
2.3.3. Comparison of Software Product Lines and Software Ecosystems

3. Fundamental Approaches and Technologies of the Thesis
3.1. Model-Driven Software Development
3.1.1. Metamodeling Levels
3.1.2. Utilizing Models in Generative Approaches
3.1.3. Representation of Languages using Metamodels
3.1.4. Changing the Model-Representation of Artifacts
3.1.5. Suitability of Model-Driven Software Development
3.2. Fundamental Variability Management Techniques of the Thesis
3.2.1. Feature Models as Variability Models
3.2.2. Delta Modeling as Variability Realization Mechanism
3.2.3. Variant Derivation Process of Delta Modeling with Feature Models
3.3. Constraint Satisfaction Problems
3.4. Scope
3.4.1. Problem Statement
3.4.2. Requirements
3.4.3. Assumptions and Boundaries

II. Integrated Management of Variability in Space and Time

4. Capturing Variability in Space and Time with Hyper-Feature Models
4.1. Feature Models Cannot Capture Variability in Time
4.2. Formal Definition of Feature Models
4.3. Definition of Hyper-Feature Models
4.4. Creation of Hyper-Feature Model Versions
4.5. Version-Aware Constraints to Represent Version Dependencies and Incompatibilities
4.6. Hyper-Feature Models are a True Extension to Feature Models
4.7. Case Study
4.8. Demarcation from Related Work
4.9. Chapter Summary

5. Creating Delta Languages Suitable for Variability in Space and Time
5.1. Current Delta Languages are not Suitable for Variability in Time
5.2. Software Fault Trees as Example of a Source Language
5.3. Evolution Delta Modules as Manifestation of Variability in Time
5.4. Automating Delta Language Generation
5.4.1. Standard Delta Operations Realize Usual Functionality
5.4.2. Custom Delta Operations Realize Specialized Functionality
5.5. Delta Language Creation Infrastructure
5.5.1. The Common Base Delta Language Provides Shared Functionality for all Delta Languages
5.5.2. Delta Dialects Define Delta Operations for Custom Delta Languages
5.5.3. Custom Delta Languages Enable Variability in Source Languages
5.6. Case Study
5.7. Demarcation from Related Work
5.8. Chapter Summary

6. Deriving Variants with Variability in Space and Time
6.1. Variant Derivation Cannot Handle Variability in Time
6.2. Associating Features and Feature Versions with Delta Modules
6.3. Automatically Select Versions to Ease Configuration
6.4. Application Order and Implicitly Required Delta Modules
6.4.1. Determining Relevant Delta Modules
6.4.2. Forming a Dependency Graph of Delta Modules
6.4.3. Performing a Topological Sorting of Delta Modules
6.5. Generating Variants with Versions of Variable Assets
6.6. Case Study
6.7. Demarcation from Related Work
6.8. Chapter Summary

III. Realization and Application

7. Realization as Tool Suite DeltaEcore
7.1. Creating Delta Languages
7.1.1. Shared Base Metamodel
7.1.2. Common Base Delta Language
7.1.3. Delta Dialects
7.2. Specifying a Software Family with Variability in Space and Time
7.2.1. Hyper-Feature Models
7.2.2. Version-Aware Constraints
7.2.3. Delta Modules
7.2.4. Application-Order Constraints
7.2.5. Mapping Models
7.3. Deriving Variants
7.3.1. Creating a Configuration
7.3.2. Collecting Delta Modules
7.3.3. Ordering Delta Modules
7.3.4. Applying Delta Modules

8. Evaluation
8.1. Configurable TurtleBot Driver Software
8.1.1. Variability in Space
8.1.2. Variability in Time
8.1.3. Integrated Management of Variability in Space and Time
8.2. Metamodel Family for Role-Based Modeling and Programming Languages
8.2.1. Variability in Space
8.2.2. Variability in Time
8.2.3. Integrated Management of Variability in Space and Time
8.3. A Software Product Line of Feature Modeling Notations and Constraint Languages
8.3.1. Variability in Space
8.3.2. Variability in Time
8.3.3. Integrated Management of Variability in Space and Time
8.4. Results and Discussion
8.4.1. Results and Discussion of RQ1: Variability Model
8.4.2. Results and Discussion of RQ2: Variability Realization Mechanism
8.4.3. Results and Discussion of RQ3: Variant Derivation Procedure

9. Conclusion
9.1. Discussion
9.1.1. Supported Evolutionary Changes
9.1.2. Conceptual Representation of Variability in Time
9.1.3. Perception of Versions as Incremental
9.1.4. Version Numbering Schemes
9.1.5. Created Delta Languages
9.1.6. Scalability of Approach
9.2. Possible Future Application Areas
9.2.1. Extend to Full Software Ecosystem Feature Model
9.2.2. Model Software Ecosystems
9.2.3. Extract Hyper-Feature Model Versions and Record Delta Modules
9.2.4. Introduce Metaevolution Delta Modules
9.2.5. Support Incremental Reconfiguration
9.2.6. Apply for Evolution Analysis and Planning
9.2.7. Enable Evolution of Variable Safety-Critical Systems
9.3. Contribution
9.3.1. Individual Contributions
9.3.2. Handling Updater Stereotypes

IV. Appendix

A. Delta Operation Generation Algorithm
B. Delta Dialects
B.1. Delta Dialect for Java
B.2. Delta Dialect for Eclipse Projects
B.3. Delta Dialect for DocBook Markup
B.4. Delta Dialect for Software Fault Trees
B.5. Delta Dialect for Component Fault Diagrams
B.6. Delta Dialect for Checklists
B.7. Delta Dialect for the Goal Structuring Notation
B.8. Delta Dialect for EMF Ecore
B.9. Delta Dialect for EMFText Concrete Syntax Files

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