Goran Murić

Resilience of the Critical Communication Networks Against Spreading Failures

Case of the European National and Research Networks

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

A backbone network is the central part of the communication network, which provides connectivity within the various systems across large distances. Disruptions in a backbone network would cause severe consequences which could manifest in the service outage on a large scale. Depending on the size and the importance of the network, its failure could leave a substantial impact on the area it is associated with. The failures of the network services could lead to a significant disturbance of human activities. Therefore, making backbone communication networks more resilient directly affects the resilience of the area. Contemporary urban and regional development overwhelmingly converges with the communication infrastructure expansion and their obvious mutual interconnections become more reciprocal.

Spreading failures are of particular interest. They usually originate in a single network segment and then spread to the rest of network often causing a global collapse. Two types of spreading failures are given focus, namely: epidemics and cascading failures. How to make backbone networks more resilient against spreading failures? How to tune the topology or additionally protect nodes or links in order to mitigate an effect of the potential failure? Those are the main questions addressed in this thesis.

First, the epidemic phenomena are discussed. The subjects of epidemic modeling and identification of the most influential spreaders are addressed using a proposed Linear Time-Invariant (LTI) system approach. Throughout the years, LTI system theory has been used mostly to describe electrical circuits and networks. LTI is suitable to characterize the behavior of the system consisting of numerous interconnected components. The results presented in this thesis show that the same mathematical toolbox could be used for the complex network analysis.

Then, cascading failures are discussed. Like any system which can be modeled using an interdependence graph with limited capacity of either nodes or edges, backbone networks are prone to cascades. Numerical simulations are used to model such failures. The resilience of European National Research and Education Networks (NREN) is assessed, weak points and critical areas of the network are identified and the suggestions for its modification are proposed.

weitere Metadaten

Netzwerk-Resilienz, Epidemien, LTI-Systemtheorie, komplexe Netzwerke
network resilience, epidemics, LTI system theory, complex networks
DDC Klassifikation621.3
RVK KlassifikationZN 6090
HochschuleTechnische Universität Dresden
FakultätFakultät Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik
BetreuerProf. Dr.-Ing. Eduard Jorswieck
GutachterProf. Dr. Jesus Gomez-Gardeñes
Prof. Dr. Nataša Gospić
Tag d. Einreichung (bei der Fakultät)29.06.2017
Tag d. Verteidigung / Kolloquiums / Prüfung23.08.2017
Veröffentlichungsdatum (online)14.09.2017
persistente URNurn:nbn:de:bsz:14-qucosa-228883

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