Dr. Uta Reuster-Jahn

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Discourse and self-portrayal in the Bongo-Fleva-Song Mikasi

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

For over a decade now, Bongo Fleva has been the dominant category of popular music in Tanzania, surpassing Muziki wa Dansi (dance music) and Taarab in terms of its presence in the media. Bongo Fleva has become deversified in the last years and at present includes elements of traditional music as well as popular dance music, both of African and Western origin (Raab 2006: 43 ff.). As a result, contemporary Bongo Fleva is stylistically complex. Ther lyrics of Bongo Fleva are specifically determined by 1) the use of Swahili youth language and slang expressions. 2) the representation of modern and young lifestyles, and 3) socio-critical contens with pedagocial and moralistic tendencies. The lyrics of Bongo Fleva are marked by youth discourse which is most important for the construction of youth identities. While Bongo Fleva text with dialogic structure seem to continue the older tradition of Muziki wa Dansi, the dramatic texts remind of the way folk narratives are told in Tanzania. As the dramatic Bongo Fleva texts make use of direct speech, often of several characters, and without introduction, it seems that traditional techniques of story-telling have an effect on Bongo Fleva rap lyrics. In this article a rap text of this kind, Mikasi (\"Sex\"), released in 2004 by Bongo Fleva artist Ngwair, will be analysed with regard to its form, content and function. As it conteain different roles and dialogues, it is suitable for the investigation of youths`talk. A special focus will be put on the self-portrayal of the youths in the dialogues of the song, and on the question how boasting and dissing is performed in a dialogic text.

weitere Metadaten

Erschienen in Swahili-Forum - 14.2007
Swahili, Bongo Fleva, Tansania, Hip-Hop, Jugendidentität, Jugendsprache
Swahili, Bongo Fleva, Tanzania, hip-hop, youth identity, youth language
SWD SchlagworteSwahili, Hip-Hop, Tansania, Jugendsprache, Soziale Identität
DDC Klassifikation496
Beteiligte Institution(en) 
HochschuleUniversität Hamburg
HochschuleUniversität Mainz
FakultätInstitut für Ethnologie und Afrikanistik
Veröffentlichungsdatum (online)14.08.2012
persistente URNurn:nbn:de:bsz:15-qucosa-91170
QuelleSwahili Forum 14 (2007), S. 225-244

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