Prof. Dr. Thilo C. Schadeberg, Dr. Ridder Samsom

Kiinimacho cha mahali: kiambishi tamati cha mahali -ni

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

The locative suffix -ni:
In this article we discuss two hypotheses about the origin of the locative suffix -ni. The better known hypothesis (Raum 1909; Meinhof 1941/42) assumes that the suffix -(i)ni developed out of a class 18 demonstrative, though the details of the assumed phonological changes have never been made clear. The competing hypothesis by Sacleux (1939) suggests that locative nouns with -ni started out as compounds with the noun ini `liver´. We think that this second hypothesis is phonologically more plausible and that it also accounts for the specific link with the meaning of class 18 `inside´. Comparison of the spread of the locative suffix -(i)ni and of the word ini `liver´, together with other historical considerations, point to Kiswahili (or Sabaki) as the most likely origin of this locative suffix.

weitere Metadaten

Erschienen in Swahili-Forum - 1.1994
Swahili, Linguistik, Lokativ, Suffix
Swahili, linguistics, lokative, suffix
SWD SchlagworteSwahili, Linguistik, Lokativ, Suffix
DDC Klassifikation496
Beteiligte Institution(en) 
HochschuleUniversity of Leiden
HochschuleUniversität zu Köln
FakultätInstitut für Afrikanistik
Veröffentlichungsdatum (online)30.11.2012
persistente URNurn:nbn:de:bsz:15-qucosa-98020
QuelleSwahili Forum; 1(1994), S. 127-138

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