Ganna Gorodyska

Generation and Characterisation of Nanostructures from Single Adsorbed Polyelectrolyte Molecules

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

Visualization and study of reconformation of polyelectrolytes (PEs) of different architecture is of great fundamental and practical interest. Verification of theoretical predictions with experiment is of essential importance. On the other hand, a wide range of bottom-up techniques based on patterning of matter on the length scale of a few nanometers have been recently developed. Particularly interesting is the possibility of using self-assembled single molecule structures as templates for the deposition of inorganic matter, in particular metals. Synthetic "normal-sized" polymers of various architecture, like poly-2-vinylpyridine (P2VP) or polystyrene-poly(2-vynil pyridine) P2VP7-PS7 star-like block copolymer, adsorbed on solid substrates have been visualized for the first time with molecular resolution by AFM in different conformation. This finding allowed us to study largely discussed problem, a coil-to-globule transition of PEs. It was found that PE molecules undergo conformational transitions from stretched worm-like coil to compact globule via set of necklace-like globules, as the fraction of charged monomers decreases with an increase of pH and ionic strength. These results are in good agreement with recently developed DRO theory for weakly charged flexible PEs in poor solvent. The size of the deposited single molecules correlates very well with molecular dimensions in solution obtained in light scattering experiments. PE single molecules of various architectures was mineralized in different conformations that constitutes the route to nanoparticles with desired shape (including wire-shape and star-shaped), size, and composition (including metallic, magnetic and semiconductive nanoparticles). It was shown that molecular details of the adsorbed linear flexible PE molecules determine the dimensions of the nanostructures after metallization and that observed sizes are consistent with the decoration of single molecules with nanoclusters. Thus those metallized nanoparticles (cluster assembles) reflect the conformation of original adsorbed PE molecules. The dimensions of the obtained nanowires are significantly smaller than those previously reported. All of these features are of the potential benefit in applications for nanodevices. Metallization of the PS7-P2VP7 improves AFM resolution due to the selective deposition of Pd clusters along the P2VP chains. For the first time, the number of the P2VP second generation arms of the heteroarm block-copolymer was directly counted in the single molecule AFM experiment. Simple contrasting procedure was developed to improve AFM visualization of positively charged polymer chains deposited on the substrates of relatively high roughness. This method allows increasing the thickness of the resulting structures up to 10 nm, and, consequently, provide visualization of polymer chains on rough surfaces. This innovation is important for the development of single molecule experiments with polymer chains. The reaction of HCF-anion could be used for recognition of polycation molecules, when polycations, polyanions and neutral molecules coexist on the surface. Recently, the study was strongly restricted to atomically smooth surfaces. The contrasting procedure extends the range of substrates (Si-wafers, chemically modified or patterned Si-wafers, polished glasses, polymer films, etc) appropriate for the experiments. Thus, polymer single molecules can be considered not only as representative of the ensemble molecules, but also as individual nanoscale objects which can be used for future nanotechnology for the fabrication of single molecule electronic devices. Also these findings are important from fundamental point of view, since developed approach can be successfully applied for investigation of various "classical" problems in polymer science, such as polymer reconformation, interpolyelectrolyte complex formation, polymer diffusion, adsorption, etc.

weitere Metadaten

übersetzter Titel
Herstellung und Charakterisierung von Nanostrukturen aus einzelnen adsorbierten Polyelektrolyt-Molekülen
Metallisierung, Polyelektrolyte, Rasterkraftmikroskopie, Visualisierung, einzelne Moleküle
atomic force microscopy, mineralization, polyelectrolyte, single molecule, visualization
SWD SchlagworteMetallisieren, Molekül, Nanostruktur, Polyelektrolyt, Rasterkraftmikroskopie, Visualisierung
DDC Klassifikation540
RVK KlassifikationVE 6357
InstitutionTechnische Universität Dresden
AbteilungMathematik und Naturwissenschaften, Chemie, Institut für Polymerforschung Dresden e.V.
BetreuerProf. Dr. Manfred Stamm
GutachterProf. Dr. Hans-Jurgen Adler
Prof. Dr. Manfred Stamm
Prof. Dr. Jürgen P. Rabe
Tag d. Einreichung (bei der Fakultät)13.12.2004
Tag d. Verteidigung / Kolloquiums / Prüfung09.09.2005
Veröffentlichungsdatum (online)20.09.2005
persistente URNurn:nbn:de:swb:14-1129637907155-76458

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