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Einfluss chemischer und topographischer Inhomogenitäten auf die Eigenschaften von Polymeroberflächen

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

This work aimed to elucidate basic aspects of the influence of chemical structure and surface topography on the surface properties of a polymer material in order to minimize the work of adhesion. End-functionalised aromatic perfluorinated oligo/polyesters have been chosen to clarify effect of chemical structure. Here, the comprehensive investigation of the influence of molecular architecture on processes of fluorine segregation in the topmost surface layer and surface properties of the end-functionalised aromatic perfluorinated linear and branched oligo-and polyesters were performed. It has been shown, that the character of the surface segregation of fluorinated moieties can be influenced by different factors i.e. conditions of preparation of polymer layers (by means of spin-coated and melt films), chemical structure of fluorinated tail and polymer backbone and slightly by molecular weight. Analysis of obtained results allows distinguishing contribution of each factor. Experimentally obtained results showed a good correlation with Scheutjens-Fleer self-consistent mean-field theory extended by Kumar and Koberstein, which corresponds to the surface segregation of various chemical functional moieties located on functional polymers of different architectures. In correlation with a self-consistent field approach, observed results confirmed that polymers with end fluorinated groups are promising for producing of low-energy surfaces.The effect of surface topography has been studied on the example of regular and irregular structured surfaces fabricated from core-shell particles. A simple and effective approach for designing regularly patterned surfaces with specifically designed surface roughness and chemistry using core-shell colloidal particles was demonstrated. The chemistry was varied by covalent grafting of polymer brushes onto silica particles or by chemisorption of fluorosilane. The modified colloidal spheres were organized into closely packed hemispherical hexagonal arrays either by a vertical deposition technique or by sedimentation on slightly inclined coated silicon wafers. In this way, an increase in the vertical roughness was achieved with increasing particle radius, but without changing the Wenzel roughness factor. Controllable variations in the surface chemistry and morphology were used for a systematic study of the wetting phenomenon on regular structured arrays. The regularity and periodicity of particle structures allowed modelling of wetting. The wetting was modelled according to WENZEL, CASSIE-BAXTER, EXTRAND theories as well as minimal and maximal possible contact angles introduced by SHUTTLEWORTH and BAILEY.It has been found that none of these theories completely describe the experimental results for all particle sizes except for the surfaces made from 0.2 Mikrometer large particles. It was revealed that wetting behaviour on fluorosilane modified particles with the diameter of 0.2 Mikrometer is close to the equilibrium contact angle described by WENZEL and CASSIE-BAXTER theories. It has been shown that the deviations contact angle from equilibrium state increase with increasing particle size, decreasing intrinsic contact angle, and increasing solid free energy of the particle ´shell´. This provides the experimental evidence for the theory proposed by JOHNSON and DETTRE. It was revealed that ultrahydrophobic surfaces couldn´t be observed on layers made from regularly packed core-shell particles. Design of fractal irregular surfaces is an appropriate way for preparation of ultrahydrophobic self-cleaning surfaces. It was demonstrated that fluorination is not an obligatory factor for design of water repellent coatings. The obtained results are of essential interest for industrial application.

weitere Metadaten

Kolloid, Oberfläche
colloid, particle, wetting
SWD SchlagworteChemische Struktur, Heterogenität, Kolloid, Oberfläche, Polymere
DDC Klassifikation540
RVK KlassifikationVK 8007
InstitutionTechnische Universität Dresden
AbteilungMathematik und Naturwissenschaften, Chemie, Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden
BetreuerProf. Dr. Manfred Stamm
GutachterProf. Dr. Manfred Stamm
Prof. Dr. H.-J. Adler
Prof. Dr. F. Pilati
Tag d. Einreichung (bei der Fakultät)02.05.2005
Tag d. Verteidigung / Kolloquiums / Prüfung02.11.2005
Veröffentlichungsdatum (online)17.10.2005
persistente URNurn:nbn:de:swb:14-1131347565824-22728

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